Septic systems are designed to cater for means of treating waste water especially in residential places. A septic tank is installed underground and they are most suitable in rural areas where houses are distant from each other since they are designed to collect waste water from properties which aren’t connected to main sewer systems. This waste water is from the domestic activities such as bathroom water, kitchen waste water, and laundry among other domestic activities. Typically a simple septic system is comprised of a drain field and a septic tank which is installed underground.
An anaerobic bacterial environment is developed in the system and it helps in the decomposition of the waste which is deposited in the septic tank hence this method of waste water treatment utilizes natural means of waste water treatment. The septic tank is comprised of two chambers and a drainage field. Waste water enters the septic system by means of an inlet which delivers the waste water into the first chamber of the septic system and over time the solid matter of the waste water settles at the bottom and the oils and grease collect at the top leaving the clearer water at the middle of the chamber. After this separation has occurred where the solid matter settles at the bottom, and the scum at the top while the clearer waste water at the middle, this clearer waste water is allowed through a pipe into the second chamber and later it is allowed out through the outlet pipe into the drain field.
Typically a series of perforated pipe help in the exit if the liquid into the soil or any other specially systems which might be installed for varied purposes. After the clearer liquid has been allowed into the second chamber, the scum part which consists of oily and greasy matter is broken down by the bacterias that occur naturally in the septic systems together with the solid matter . There will most likely be some matter left over after the decomposition of the solid matter and the scum layer and removal of such matter calls upon professional septic service providers after a period of time hence you will periodically be required to have septic experts reviewing your septic systems and removing such left over waste.
One top tip for maintaining a septic system is avoiding flushing certain items in the toilet as they can with time block the pipes of the septic system which compromises it’s effectiveness. Such items which you should avoid flushing in the toilet as they eventually build up and block the pipes of the septic system include baby wipes, baby nappies, medicines, sanitary towels for ladies and cleaning wipes among other things.